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How to Get Rid of Bed Bugs: Different Pest Control Methods

Last Updated on February 7, 2024 by Alene Schill

Imagine waking up to itchy, red welts – a nightmare becoming common due to the rise of bed bugs in homes and hotels worldwide. These tiny pests are not just a source of irritation but also a cause for concern due to their rapid spread and difficulty to eliminate. 

This comprehensive guide will explore various effective pest control methods to help you reclaim your space from these unwelcome guests.

Understanding Bed Bugs

Bed Bugs on the couch

Small and active during the night, bed bugs are blood-feeding insects. They take on an oval shape, have a reddish-brown appearance, and are roughly the size of an apple seed as adults.

These pests are masters of hiding, often found in the seams of mattresses, between couch cushions, within wall cracks, and even behind wallpapers. 

Bites do not always mark their presence; sometimes, it’s indicated by small blood stains on your sheets or a sweet, musty odour in your room. Bed bug infestations can lead to several health issues, from allergic reactions and skin infections to psychological distress, underscoring the urgency for effective control.

Preventative Measures

Preventing bed bugs from settling in is easier than eradicating them. Maintain a keen awareness of the cleanliness and organization of your living environment. Regularly inspect second-hand furniture for signs of bed bugs before bringing it into your home. 

You can also do some things to prevent bed bugs when traveling. Always check hotel beds and headboards for any signs of infestation, and keep luggage off the floor. Upon returning home, launder your travel clothing in hot water and dry them at high temperatures to kill any hitchhikers.

Non-Chemical Pest Control Methods

Vacuuming Regularly

Vigorous vacuuming can help remove bed bugs and their eggs from mattresses, carpets, and crevices. It’s a safe and environmentally friendly method, though partially foolproof.

Bed Bug Traps

These are placed under the legs of beds to trap bed bugs attempting to climb up. Traps help monitor the extent of an infestation but are not a complete solution.

Heat Treatment

Exposing bed bugs to high temperatures (around 120°F) for prolonged periods can eradicate them. Professionals with specialized equipment best perform this method to ensure thorough heat penetration.

But is paint suitable for killing bed bugs?

Chemical Pest Control Methods

Bed Bug treatment on the couch


Options include pyrethrins, pyrethroids, and newer agents like neonicotinoids and insect growth regulators. Each has specific applications and effectiveness, with some targeting adult bed bugs and others their eggs.

Foggers and Bug Bombs

These are used to treat large areas. However, they can be less effective in reaching deep hiding spots of bed bugs and require careful handling to avoid health risks.

It’s essential to adhere to safety guidelines when using chemical treatments. Overuse or incorrect application can pose health risks and lead to pesticide resistance in bed bugs. Also, be aware of your area’s legal aspects and regulations regarding pesticide use.

Find out if bed bug mattress covers are effective here.

Professional Pest Control Services

Tackling a widespread bed bug infestation often goes beyond the scope of do-it-yourself measures. In such cases, the cost of hiring a bed bug exterminator becomes a crucial factor to consider. 

Getting professionals to handle the problem is the better option for some. Professional pest control services offer expertise and access to specialized tools typically unavailable to the average homeowner. 

These professionals employ advanced techniques, including commercial-grade heat treatments, targeted chemical applications, and comprehensive, integrated pest management strategies that are often far more effective than DIY approaches.

However, choosing the right pest control service is as important as hiring one. Start by researching the reputation of local exterminators. Assess their customers’ track record and satisfaction by checking for testimonials from their past clients.

Word-of-mouth recommendations can also be invaluable, providing insights from firsthand experiences.

DIY vs. Professional Treatment

While DIY methods can be cost-effective for minor infestations, more than they may be required for larger ones. Although more expensive, professional services provide comprehensive solutions that are often more effective in the long run. They can also offer guarantees, providing peace of mind and value for your investment.

Also Read: How Can You Get Rid Of Bed Bugs In Hardwood Floors?


Bed bugs are a persistent and challenging pest, but they can be effectively managed and eradicated with the right approach. Combining preventive measures, regular cleaning, and appropriate treatments – whether DIY or professional – is key to maintaining a bed bug-free environment. 

Detecting issues early and taking immediate action is vital in preventing a minor problem from becoming a severe infestation. Stay watchful and proactive to ensure your home remains secure, comfortable, and free of bed bugs.

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